Major movements in Western art > A guide January 14, 2007Posted by grhomeboy in Arts.
Ancient and Classical, B.C. 15,000 – A.D. 450: This genre includes work from ancient Greece, Rome and Egypt. It is usually comprises architecture, frescos, pottery and sculpture. Example: The Parthenon
Medieval and Gothic, A.D. 400: Characterized by ornamental, iconographic religious scenes. Large cathedrals were built at this time and stained glass was introduced. Example: Notre Dame de Paris
Renaissance, 1300s: The term Renaissance literally means ‘rebirth’. It describes the revival of interest in classical artistic achievements. Example: “The Mona Lisa,” Leonardo da Vinci
Baroque, 1600s: A less complex, more realistic style. The return to tradition and spirituality was encouraged by the Catholic Church, the most important patron of the arts at that time. Example: “Girl with the Pearl Earring,” Johannes Vermeer
Romanticism, 1800 – 1880: It is a deeply-felt style which is individualistic, beautiful, exotic, and emotionally wrought. Example: “Liberty Leading the People,” Eugene Delacroix
Symbolism, 1885 – 1910: The erotic, the perverse, death and debauchery were typical subject matter for the symbolists. Example: “The Yellow Christ,” Paul Gauguin
Realism, 1830 – 1870: Typically realistic pieces contain a sociopolitical or moral message. They depict ugly or commonplace subjects. Example: “Arrangement in Gray and Black: Portrait of the Artist’s Mother,” James McNeill Whistler
Impressionism, 1867-1886: The invention of the camera brought about a change in methodology. Artists applied paint in small touches of pure color rather than broader strokes, and painted outside. Example: “Water Lilies,” Claude Monet
Art Nouveau, late 1800s: Characterized by an elaborate style based on asymmetrical lines. Flowers, leaves and tendrils were depicted in the flowing hair of a female. Example: “F Champenois Imprimeur Editeur,” Alphonse Mucha
Modernism, 1890 – 1940: This kind of art requires that the audience to get some facts about the artist, their intentions and their environment, before forming judgments about the work. Example: “The House of the Hanged Man,” Paul Cezanne
Expressionism, 1905 – 1925: The artist attempts to depict not objective reality but the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in him. Example: “The Scream,” Edvard Munch
Cubism, 1908 – 1914: The movement assimilated outside influences, such as African art, as well as new theories on the nature of reality, such as Einstein’s theory of relativity. Example: “Woman with a Guitar,” Pablo Picasso
Surrealism, 1920 – 1930s: A movement dedicated to expressing the imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and convention. Example: “The Persistence of Memory,” Salva
Abstract Expressionism, 1940s – 1960s: This movement is characterized by a unique use of brushstrokes and texture, and the embracing of chance and the frequently massive canvases. Example: Jackson Pollack
Pop Art, 1950s – 1960s: In featuring everyday objects such as soup cans, washing powder, comic strips and soda pop bottles, the movement turned commonplace items into icons. Example: “32 Campbell’s Soup Cans,” Andy Warhol
Post-Modernism, 1960 – present: The name given to a wide range of current cultural phenomena. It prefers a more eclectic and populist approach to creativity.
It Works January 14, 2007Posted by grhomeboy in Food Drinks News.
There must several reasons for needing a one-handed pepper mill, but we aren’t going to touch them here.
Whatever your reasons, there is Trudeau’s Graviti Mill. Simply fill the device with whole peppercorns or coarse sea salt and turn it over, no buttons or levers to bother with, and ground pepper flows wherever you need it. Very handy for chefs who never have enough hands to stir and flip and baste and whip, it is available in various colors; battery-operated; priced around $25.